Rock Pigeon - School IPM - USU Extension

    Rock Pigeon

    Columba liva

    Pigeon Fact Sheet: English, Spanish.

    Rock pigeon

    Rock pigeon (Diego Delso, Wikimedia Commons)

    Rock pigeons

    Rock pigeons (Terry Spivey, USDA Forest Service,

    Rock pigeon

    Rock pigeon (Lee Karney, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service,


    • variable in color, but most are bluish-gray with two black bands on the wings and a black tip to the tail
    • most have rainbow-like throat feathers
    • 12 - 15 inches tall

    Nesting Habits

    • build nests out of twigs, grasses and sticks to form a crude platform
    • nest on flat, covered surfaces such as sheltered cliff ledges, bridges and building surfaces


    • primarily grain and seeds
    • garbage, livestock manure, insects or other food provided for them intentionally or unintentionally by people


    • pigeon droppings may pose a health hazard when allowed to accumulate
    • infest unprotected ventilation ducts/exhaust units
    • major nuisance pest

    IPM Recommendations

    • Exclude pigeons with bird netting.
    • Close building openings with wood, metal, glass or rustproof iron mesh.
    • Keep outdoor areas clean and eliminate water sources.
    • Use deterrents such as spikes, coils, and sloped surfaces.