Dormancy

    Green Foxtail

    Taraxacum officinale

    Green Foxtail

    Green foxtail (Wendy Vandyk Evens, Bugwood.org)

    Green foxtail

    Green foxtail (Steve Dewey, Utah State University, Bugwood.org)

     

     

    Description

    • clump-forming habit; grows 4 inches – 3 feet tall
    • short, fringed ligule; leaf buds are rolled lengthwise in a protective sheath
    • cylindrical flower head with densely clustered floret
    • produces 5,000-12,000 seeds per plant which can remain viable for 6 years
    • tolerant of dry conditions

    Location

    • lawns, gardens, cropland and open spaces

    Life Cycle

    • annual; germinates starting in spring and anytime throughout the year
    • seeds are able to germinate 2 to 4 months after maturing

    IPM Recommendations

    • Hand-pull plants in planting beds prior to seed maturation.
    • Maintain healthy, competitive desirable vegetation.
    • Apply an appropriate pre-emergent herbicide prior to seed germination in early spring and again in mid-summer.
    • Selective herbicides containing quinclorac are also effective, but only within 2 to 3 weeks after germination.