- upright growth between 1 and 6 feet high with pyramidal shape to plant at maturity
- branched stems are green to red in color and sometimes striped
- small, linear-shaped leaves are alternately arranged on stems; leaf blades are pointed at tips and have three to five highly visible veins
- annual kochia foliage turns reddish brown in autumn and detaches from the root forming a tumbleweed
- commonly grows in planting beds
- summer annual that germinates when temperatures reach and exceed 40°F; germination occurs throughout the growing season
- seedlings first appear in early spring and plants mature by mid-summer
- flower and seed production occur from mid-summer to fall frost
- Hand-pull plants in planting beds prior to seed maturation.
- Shallow tillage or hoeing will control young plants in planting beds.
- Apply a mulch layer 3 inches deep on planting beds to reduce seed germination.
- Apply an appropriate post-emergent herbicide directly to target weeds.