English House Sparrow - School IPM - USU Extension

    English/House Sparrow

    Passer domesticus

    House Sparrow

    House sparrow (Greg Bartman, USDA APHIS PPQ, Bugwood.org)

    Sparrows

    Sparrows (Deena Sharon Chadi, Bank Street College of Education, Bugwood.org)

    Sparrow and nestlings

    Sparrow and nestlings (Jim Occi, BugPics, Bugwood.org)

    Identification

    • about 6 inches long
    • Males:
      • dark brown streaked with black above and gray underside
      • large black patch under beak
    • Females:
      • dusky brownish gray with blackish stripes above and gray underside
      • yellowish beak

    Nesting Habits

    • nest in protected areas in or near buildings (e.g., on ledges, in gutters and light fixtures and under eaves)
    • build nests from grass, straw, feathers and debris frequently reuse nesting sites

    Diet

    • grains, seeds, garden plants and fruit
    • feed insects and food refuse to young

    Significance

    • heath concern; associated with over 29 diseases and ectoparasites, including bird mites
    • contaminate many different materials with droppings

    IPM Recommendations

    • Install plastic netting on parts of the building used for roosting and nesting or use deterrents such as plastic or metal spines on ledges.
    • Reduce or eliminated their feeding sites and water sources.
    • Close all openings larger than 3/4 inch.
    • Install slanted metal, plexiglass or wooden boards (45° angle) over ledges.