Utah Pests News Summer 2007

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Reduced Risk Pesticide Options for Homeowners

We all get the various questions—"what product do you recommend for killing aphids on my trees?" or "is it OK to go ahead and use the DDT that’s in my garage?" OK—maybe not that second question, but our goal as Extension educators is to advise the public on the options available to them for various problems. With homeowner pesticide use soaring above 100 million pounds/year, many people are looking for alternatives to the conventional, broad-spectrum chemicals. As part of a successful IPM program, homeowners now have more and more options for reduced-risk pesticides. We’ve compiled a list on page 4 as a reference.

There are also two handy Web sites devoted to home pesticide products: http://www.homeusepesticide.org/, and http://householdproducts.nlm.nih.gov/. 

The most important information we can give homeowners is to read the product label. Two products may have the same active ingredient, but at different percentages, which would mean different mixing rates. The label also includes information on pesticide safety: proper application and handling techniques, storage, and disposal.

Table of Reduced-Risk Home-Use Landscape Plant Pesticides Available in Utah garden centers, farm stores, and box stores. (Not all-inclusive.)

Those with an asterisk (*) are also used as fungicides.

Class Active Ingredient Product Names Example Target Pests
imidacloprid Bayer Advanced 12-mo. Protect and Feed
Bayer Advanced All-in-One
Bayer Merit
adelgids, aphids, ash borer, cutworms, lace bug, leafhoppers, scale, thrips, whiteflies
Botanical pyrethrin Garden Safe Multi-Purpose Garden Insect
Safer Tomato and Vegetable Insect Killer
Spectracide Garden Insect Killer
Green Light Fruit Tree Spray (with Neem)*
Ferti-Lome Red Spider and Mite Spray (GL)
Natural Guard Natural Insect Spray
aphids, bean leaf beetle, beetles, cankerworms, fruitworm, leafhoppers, leafminer, tent caterpillar
neem oil Green Light Neem*
Green Light Rose Defense*
Ferti-Lome Triple Action Plus*
anthracnose, aphids, black spot, botrytis, lace bug, loopers, powdery mildew, scale, thrips
other plant oils EcoSmart Ecopco ACU (peanut oil;
GL Home and Garden Insect Spray (thyme
Lily Miller Year-Round Pesticidal Oil (canola
wide variety
rotenone Bonide Garden Dust* anthracnose, aphids, blights, codling moth, lace bug, leafhoppers, leaf spots, mealybugs
capsaicin Natural Guard Hot Pepper Wax aphids, cabbage looper, lace bugs, leafhoppers, scale, spider mites
Biological and More Bacillus thuringiensis American Thuricide
Ferti-Lome Dipel Dust
Green Light Bt Worm Killer
Safer Garden Dust
cankerworm, cabbage looper, codling moth, leafrollers, sod webworm, spruce budworm, tussock moth
spinosad Ferti-Lome Borer, Bagworm, Leafminer, and
   Tent Caterpillar Spray
Natural Guard Spinosad
Green Light Lawn and Garden Spinosad
ants, borers, codling moth, fruit fly, fruit worms, leafminers, leafrollers, sod webworm, spider mites
soap (potassium salts of fatty acids) Bonide Insecticidal Soap
Safer 3-in-1 Garden Spray
Safer Insect Killing Soap
adelgids, aphids, leafhoppers, lace bugs, plant bugs, psyllids, rose slug, sawfly, scale, spider mites, thrips, whiteflies
petroleum oils Bonide All Seasons Hort. and Dormant
   Spray Oil
Ortho Volk Spray Oil (petroleum)
adelgids, aphids, scale, insect eggs, leafhopper, plant bugs, spider mites, whiteflies
diamotaceous earth Natural Guard Crawling Insect Control soft-bodied insects such as aphids, slugs, grasshoppers, millipedes and sow bugs
Bacillus subtillis Serenade Garden Disease Control* anthracnose, bacterial and fungal blights, leaf spots, powdery mildew
sulfur Ferti-Lome Rose Flower and Vegetable
Hi-Yield Lime Sulfur Spray*
Safer Garden Fungicide*
anthracnose, leaf spots, powdery mildew
salts of phosphoric acid Agri-Fos Systemic Fungicide (purchase via
bacterial blight, downy mildew, fire blight, phytophthora, pythium
IGR halofenozide Hi-Yield Kill-A-Grub larvae of: armyworm, billbugs, cutworm, june beetle, sod webworm


-Marion Murray, IPM Project Leader