Utah Pests News Spring 2008

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In the National News

IMPORTANCE OF FARMS AND FORESTS IN GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGE

Farms and forests play a critical role in stabilizing global warming by absorbing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and “storing” it in plants and soil. A study from the Pew Center on Global Climate Change found that changes in agricultural practices, including re-foresting farm edges, could reduce current U.S. greenhouse gas emissions by 1/5.

LIGHT BROWN APPLE MOTH CONTROL AND MONITORING

USDA will grant $75 million in funding for control of light brown apple moth, a recent pest introduction occurring in eleven California counties. California has initiated an aggressive trapping and control program using sprayable and twist-tie application of mating disruption, release of beneficial insects, and possible ground sprays of Bt and spinosad. The money from USDA will also be used for a national detection survey to look in “hot spots” of introduced nursery stock, urbanized areas, and orchards.

NEW PROGRAM ESTABLISHED TO HELP SAVE THE HONEYBEES

All the Federal bee laboratories in the nation have established a five-year “Areawide Program to Improve Honeybee Health, Survivorship, and Pollination Availability,” and will work with universities, apiculturists, and others to establish specific recommendations to help beekeepers manage their colonies.
Some of the research includes: improving longevity of queens, controlling Nosema protozoa and varroa mite, genetic selection and colony size management, disease management, and reducing stress in migratory colonies.

NOVEL MOSQUITO CONTROL

A molecular pesticide developed by the Agricultural Research Service may prove to be a safer alternative control of mosquitoes than insecticides, without worry of resistance.
A molecular pesticide has nucleic acids as its active ingredient, and targets only the pest in question. They work by preventing the insect from producing essential amino acids necessary for their survival. It is a safer alternative to chemicals because it only harms the pest, and has no effect on beneficial insects or other organisms.

CONSUMER PESTICIDE USE INCREASES

A recent market study predicts that demand for home and garden pesticides will increase by almost 5% per year over the next 4 years, approaching $1.7 million in sales by 2011. Newer active ingredients, more convenient packaging, super-concentrated formulations, and ready-to-use products will drive demand.
 


Publications


• “Building a Sustainable Future: Ecologically Based Farming Systems” (http://www.new-ag.msu.edu/pdf/E2983.pdf) is a publication through Michigan State University that examines community-based food systems, agricultural landscapes, and IPM.

• “A Pocket Guide to Common Natural Enemies of Crop and Garden Pests in the PNW,” Oregon State University, is a free, printable guide to 19 different groups of insects: extension.oregonstate.edu/catalog/pdf/ec/ec1613-e.pdf.

• A report on the “Global Status of GM Crops” is available at: www.isaaa.org/resources/publications/briefs/37/executivesummary/default.html.